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Published Work!

The auto morpho-tectonic project has been published in the EVOLO SKYSCRAPERS book for October 2011.

Click here for link to EVOLO website

Click here for link to book

Design for skyscraper of 2,240 Ft that incorporates a non-linear design approach using fields of data to create architecture that investigates dynamic relationships between structure, infrastructure, materials, and users. The design generates a habitable structure stating from a basic geometric shape. It progressively evolves into a more complex assembly using mathematical operations and sequence of time. The project is among a compilation of 300 outstanding projects from more than 4,000 projects submitted from 168 countries from 2006 to 2011 selected for innovative concepts that challenge the way we understand architecture and their relationship with the natural and built environment.

Tyrone Marshall

Field Notation Fabrication Model

Field Notation Fabrication Model

This model began as a digitally based design expression that has been previously rendered in many incarnations. Finally, the design has been captured in time and phase in the physical world in a rapid prototyped format. Prototyping as a means to construct in the physical world that which has existed virtually. Rapid Prototyping is a highly technological method that uses varying digital process to construct physically via translation of information from a digital model.

The process for fabrication – Selective Laser Sintering
The model material – Polyamide 12 (Nylon 12) Thermoplastic Polymer
Designer and Complex Geometry Parametric Modeler – Tyrone Marshall
Complex Parametric Geometry – Tyrone Marshall
Software – Cinema 4D and Maxwell Render
Fabricator – Shapeways Netherlands
Minimum Dimension – 1mm or 0.04 inch

Design Statement:

Field of Notation

A language of form in adaptation and performance in rhythm to express a mathematical sequence that acts through a continuous movement of light, shade, and shape to inscribe a spatial condition. In a motive design action of object mechanical motion, a digitally based form self-assembles into a cohesive moment from a sequence of animation and computation. The result is a structural signature of continuous movement whereby the sequence is captured in a moment of computational design expression. An expression that seeks to find economy in its suggestion of unitary construction formula which is an assembly of simple constituent parts that gather to form a larger contextual structure. The contextual form is a study in self-organization through the vehicle of computation and component geometry propagation through a three dimensional spatial construct of pure shape. In this construct of spatial signatures there is musical notation and progression of repetition, redundancy, hierarchy and modulation. There is an act of performance. The object is presented in its performance of a virtual simulation of a field. Born from shape, the structural form of simple geometry builds through a sequential path in digital self-assembly to inscribe a special place and suggestion of spatial inhabitation.

I posit an architectural design that considers the temporal condition of change, parametric, and the notion of time seeks to forge a new ingredient of design amongst the already present such as program, space, materials, fabrication, and construction that pose a consideration of advanced architectural design based on temporal and parametric conditions.

The nature of the parametric design produces a multi-variant state of many possibilities produced from sets of rules, limits, or constraints under the influence of time but forged in physical space under the criteria of design selection based upon a particular moment of consideration. One particular moment out of many wherein the differentiating factor is one of modulating frequency, variation, and amplitude of a control surface by design intent.

In essence, the process occurs within the framework of time to pose a temporal and dynamic condition that in a moment describes the continuum of its many states that extend both before and after.

The work presented in this context is the begining of a certain continuum of constraints based on location, program, space, geometry, materials, fabrication, change, adaptation, and modulation of time, position, rate, scale, rotation, order, sequence, and shape signature in advancement of architectural design with investigations in emergent temporal and parametric performance.

The work is a study in the discovery of possible architectural spatial connotations in performance and emergent geometry. The resultant visual experiment is shown in simulation, sections, and its objective format. The work is a continuing sequence and thought towards an Architectural construct based on the language of repetition, geometry, redundancy, structure, shade, light, and shape.

Copyright © 2009 Tyrone Marshall. All Rights Reserved.

Field Notation Fabrication Image

Field Notation Fabrication Image

Field Notation Fabrication Image

Field Notation Fabrication Image

Field Notation Fabrication Image

Previous Versions:
Flood Structure – Click to view


California College of the Arts – Aortic Arc 2009


A rather beautiful light-capture object has been inserted into an atrium space on the San Francisco campus of the California College of the Arts. The object can be viewed from underneath at the first floor and above from the 2nd floor of the School of Architecture.

The Aortic Arc is a sensual experience work that allows one a glimpse into spaces that might be shaped by computational design whereby geometry and panels work together structurally in the spirit of Frei Otto’s pioneering work in form finding techniques and material systems. The canopy structure as shown in the images takes advantage of its definition and condition through the system of compressive rings and tension cables within a tapestry of lightweight plastic and riveted pin connections to comprise a minimum surface structure.

Mark L. Donohue, Principle of Visible Research Office, states that Buro Happold Consulting Engineers was instrumental in developing the project and helping to give the work its definitive shape and performative structural expression. Buro Happold’s design intention is a process that is in essence an innovation on Frei Otto’s work to bring this kind of investigation into the age of digital fabrication.

The form finding, finite element analysis, and structural design work is by Buro Happold Consulting Engineers, PC.

Visible Research Office
Principal: Mark L. Donohue
Project Architect: Americo A Diaz-O
Project Designer: Charles Lee
Project Designer: Chris Chalmers
Component Design & Scripting: Jason Chang
Renderings: Charles Lee

Buro Happold
Principal: Greg Otto
Associate Principal: Gary Lau
Project Engineer, Non-linear Analysis: Tom Reiner
Project Engineer, Non-linear Analysis: Ian Carter
Project Cordinator: Ron Elad
Complex Geometry Modeling: Yukie Hirashima
Technical Designer: Krista Flascha

Software Bentley Microstation Generative Components (Bios – Chris Chalmers & Charles Lee)
Fabrication: CNC Milling @ TechShop in Menlo Park, CA.
Materials: HDPE sheets, pop riveter, aircraft cable, rivets, stainless steel rings

For more information see the following links:
CCA m.lab
Buro Happold
Visible Research Office
photography by Tyrone Marshall


Tangential Construct


Form constructs mediate and regulate surface performance in an expression of mathematical sequence. The adaptation emerges and diverges from a previous open ended condition to a new open ended condition. Geometrical and natural surfaces create architectural space but do not intersect.

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